Prokaryotic cell labeled game quiz online

Practive with a prokaryotic cell labeled game in the form or an online quiz.

 

Prokaryotic cell diagram to label - drag and dropA prokaryotic cell has no true nucleus and its organelles are not bound by any membrane. Bacteria and their anaerobic cousins, archaea, are prokaryotes. While these microorganisms are too tiny to see with the naked eye, prokaryotes fill up much of the Earth’s biomass. Without them, other forms of life would not be sustainable.
All prokaryotes are single-celled organisms. They come with internal and external structures to function properly and live.
Prokaryotic cells are encased in a cell membrane that separates its insides from the environment. Many prokaryotes also have another protective layer called a cell wall. To move around, these cells use parts such as the whip-like flagella and pili which stick to surfaces.
The interior of the cell is filled with the cytoplasm, a thick, watery fluid. Unlike eukaryotic cells, there are no organelles inside, save for the ribosomes and the nucleoid. The ribosomes are made of RNA and proteins, and act as sites that perform protein synthesis. Instead of a well-defined nucleus, the nucleoid is simply a region where bacterial chromosomes are stored.
Some prokaryotes also have vacuoles that store nutrients and help expel wastes.
The prokaroytic cell labeled diagram presented here can be an informative guide to unicellular life and help distinguish the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic structures.

Prokaryotic cell labeled and functions

A prokaryotic cell is a type of cell that lacks a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that include bacteria and archaea. Here is a labeled diagram of a prokaryotic cell:

  1. Cell wall - a rigid structure that surrounds the cell and provides protection and support.
  2. Plasma membrane - a thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell and controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell.
  3. Cytoplasm - a gel-like substance that fills the cell and contains the cell's genetic material, ribosomes, and other organelles.
  4. Ribosomes - small, spherical structures that are responsible for synthesizing proteins.
  5. Nucleoid - an irregularly shaped region within the cytoplasm that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA).
  6. Pili or Fimbriae - short, hairlike projections on the surface of the cell that are used for attachment and movement.
  7. Flagella - long, whip-like appendages that are used for movement.

Some of the functions of these structures in a prokaryotic cell include:

  • The cell wall provides protection and support to the cell.
  • The plasma membrane controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell and helps to maintain the cell's shape.
  • The cytoplasm contains the cell's genetic material, ribosomes, and other organelles and is involved in many of the cell's metabolic activities.
  • Ribosomes are responsible for synthesizing proteins.
  • The nucleoid contains the cell's genetic material (DNA) and is involved in the synthesis of proteins and the reproduction of the cell.
  • Pili and fimbriae are used for attachment and movement.
  • Flagella are used for movement.