Photosynthesis diagram labeled Game Quiz - In the simplest terms, photosynthesis is a plant’s way of using energy from sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose. The plant releases oxygen and stores the glucose for cellular activities.
Organisms that use photosynthesis to create food are called photoautotrophs. Aside from plants, photoautotrophs also include algae and cyanobacteria.
Many parts of the plant are specialized for photosynthesis, particularly the leaves. Cells in the mesophyll or middle layer of a leaf contain an organelle called the chloroplast.
A chloroplast contains stacks of thykaloids, which appear as flat, pancake-liked discs. These thykaloids produce chlorophyll, which is a substance that absorbs light energy to initiate the photosynthetic process. Chlorophyll absorbs all wavelengths of visible light aside from green, which is why plants appear as that color.
The surface of a plant’s leaf and stem is also dotted with small holes, or stomata, through which the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen occurs.
Photosynthesis is a fairly complex process that is split into light-dependent and light-independent reactions. These reactions will be discussed in detail as you enter more advanced classes.
We’ve provided this photosynthesis diagram labeled with all the necessary details to obtain a better understanding of the structures associated with photosynthesis, and the role each part plays in producing stored energy for plants.