Labeled Diagram of a Mitochondria Game Quiz



labeled diagram of mitochondria Labeled Diagram of a Mitochondria Game Quiz - The mitochondrion acts as a cell’s power plant. It is a membrane-bound organelle that synthesizes adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy-containing molecule that powers a cell’s activities.
Mitochondria are fascinating organelles due to their unusual history. They used to be independent bacteria with their own DNA. Around 1.45 billion years ago, these bacteria entered into other ancient cells through a process called endosymbiosis, in which the two cells helped each other survive and evolve.
Mitochondria have a rod-shaped, double-membraned structure. The outer membrane contains porins through which nutrients and ATP can enter and exit. The inner membrane folds into itself, forming structures called cristae. These folds maximize the surface area in which ATP synthesis can take place.
The interior of the mitochondrion is filled with matrix, a jelly-like fluid containing its DNA, as well as enzymes to metabolize nutrients into fuel for ATP synthesis.
Mitochondria are also responsible for other cellular functions; they contribute to heat production, store calcium, and are capable of instructing old or damaged cells to self-destruct in a process called apoptosis.
This labeled diagram of mitochondria features useful details on the complex structures composing a mitochondrial cell. The diagram is also designed to illustrate and help explain the pathways through which ATP is synthesized and transported for use in cellular work.