A Pig Science Lesson For Kids

The pig (or hog) is an omnivorous, domesticated mammal of the genus Sus. It is one of the largest farm animals in the world. It is also considered a separate species and subspecies of the Eurasian wild boar, but the scientific term pig is used for all three.

A Pig Science Lesson For Kids

A pig is incredibly intelligent and a very social animal. The newborn piglet learns to walk at the sound of its mother's voice, and by two weeks of age a pig can recognize its name. Thanks to its vocalizations and physical strength, it can reach 11 miles per hour or seven minutes per mile at full speed. Notice that despite its stature, the pig is remarkably fast. At birth, suckling is a sign of affection.

Pigs are not only highly intelligent and remarkably sociable, but they are also extremely sensitive to noise. They love to spend time in the dirt and enjoy sleeping nose to nose with a mate. While most pigs are not as loud as a dog or cat, they are very vocal and use squeals and grunts to communicate with each other. Some studies have found that pigs use more than twenty different vocalizations, some of which are unique to certain groups of pigs.

One of the most important aspects of pig production is the quality of the water source. Spring water, while good for drinking, contains many surface contaminants. In addition to using a filtration system, water lines should be properly installed and insulated. Automatic nipple drinkers are the best choice, but remember to check the flow rate of the automatic drinker. Bowl drinkers are easy to clean and tend to waste a lot of water. 

Pigs are notorious for eating almost anything, including people. In one 2012 case in Oregon, a pig ate a farmer who had suffered a heart attack. A concerned relative discovered the farmer's corpse on the farm and notified police. So if you are looking for a pet pig, you should know that it can kill a cat and dog, but that does not mean it would kill a cat or even a dog.

As mentioned earlier, pigs are known for their ability to eat anything. This includes humans, but sometimes they are not the only ones a pig can feed on. Its brain is a highly sensitive organ. It will digest anything it gets into tiny bits. So you need to know before you feed it.


Pig Heart Diagram to Label


Pig Farming 

Pig farming, also known as hog farming, is an important type of meat production. There are different names for pigs at different stages of their production life. A female pig that has given birth to piglets is called a sow. The next type is the young sow, which is a female animal whose ovaries have not yet been fertilized. A piglet, which is raised for meat, lives four to six months and weighs about 132 pounds. Bacon pigs, or baconers, are raised for bacon production. They live eight to ten months and weigh between 175 and 200 pounds before being killed.

Whereas pigs are very adaptable, they need good feed to grow up well. Although a pig can be fed virtually anything, scrap and lack of exercise can lead to poor meat development. If you use good breeding practices when raising a pig population, you can achieve better results. 
Pigs can also digest industrial and kitchen waste. Although pigs have the highest feed conversion and meat yield, they need good care and housing to produce the best end results. With the help of Penn State Extension, you can get more tips on how to raise healthy hogs. The information will be very helpful to you as you plan your operation. So if you are interested in a career in raising pigs, consider pig farming.