How many bottles of water have you bought this week? How many have your friends and family bought? Imagine all of those empty bottles floating in the open ocean, along with all kinds of other disposable plastic products.
And that’s not even a fraction of a fraction of just how much plastic have infiltrated our seas, causing major problems to aquatic life.
Do you know how bad our plastic pollution problem is?
Experts believe that over _____ percent of all plastic produced each year ends up in our oceans.
About half of all the plastic found on Earth has been produced in the last _______ years.
Plastic and other debris accumulate in the open ocean as garbage patches. The largest of these is called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is ________ the size of France.
The ocean is littered with microplastics, which are fragments of plastic that are less than ____ in size.
These same small particles of plastics are harmful because…
A.birds and sea creatures can mistake them for food
B.they can cause cuts inside your body
C.they can raise your risk for developing cancer
D.All of the above
More than 2 million plastic bags are used every __________ worldwide.
A study in the Environmental Pollution journal reports that the average person ingests _________ microplastics each year from their meals.
Over ________ marine animals and ________ sea birds are killed by plastics in the seas each year.
A.one hundred, one thousand
B.one thousand, ten thousand
C.ten thousand, one million
D.one hundred thousand, one million
Which of these places still does not contain any microplastics?
C.The Marianas Trench
D.None of the above
Hundreds of thousands of sea creatures are entangled by plastic equipment each year. What is not an effect of being entangled?
A.It limits their motion
B.It allows them to move more freely
C.It can lead to choking or suffocation
D.It can cause injuries or infection
What happens to the microplastics inside a fish if it is eaten by a human?
A.The microplastics degrade in the fish
B.Our stomach acid dissolves the microplastics
C.The microplastics cause damage to human DNA
D.The microplastics are excreted safely
Plastic makes up ___ percent of all beach litter in the world.
Scientists estimate that there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish by _____.
Plastic waste has also been observed to increase the spread of pathogens in the sea. Corals that have touched plastic are _____ percent more likely to contract disease.
Which is not a useful way to reduce plastic pollution in our oceans?
A.Spending an afternoon cleaning beach litter with friends
B.Printing “Save The Seas!” on plastic cups
C.Recycle plastics at home for gardening or DIY
D.Avoid products that contain microbead plastics